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Child Deaths

Vital Statistics

Technical Notes for 2000 Child Deaths in North Carolina

I. Child Deaths by Cause

The Child Deaths by Cause table presents child death data by thirteen cause of death categories.

Rounding Considerations
The numbers in the Average Annual Number column are rounded to the nearest whole number and may not sum to the total due to independent rounding. Percent change is based on unrounded numbers.

Unintentional Injuries Subcategories
Note that the total number of unintentional injuries is divided into five subcategories: motor vehicle injuries, bicycle injuries, injuries caused by fire, drowning, and other unintentional injuries. These subcategory numbers are not included in the column total since they are already accounted for in the broad Unintentional Injuries category. This breakdown of unintentional injuries is used for all four columns: Average Annual Number 1996-2000, Number in 1999, Number in 2000, and Percent Change.

Interpreting Percent Change
The Percent Change column is a comparison of the 2000 deaths to the 1999 deaths. Note that when the category has very few deaths, such as bicycle injuries, a change of just one or two deaths produces a relatively large percent change.

Notes on Cause of Death Categories

Since 1999 the mortality data have been coded under ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases-Tenth version). The coding for the years prior to 1998 was done under ICD-9 (International Classification of Diseases -Ninth version). In order to maintain consistent reporting, the standard cause of death vocabulary is kept same as in the past. However, the ICD-10 codes differ from those under ICD-9, because of changes in coding rules, changes in category names and ICD numbers, and - importantly - because of changes in the tabulation lists used to produce data. Consequently, caution should be exercised in comparing cause of death across years.

  • Other birth-related conditions are certain conditions that originate in the perinatal period, during birth or the first month of life.
  • Motor vehicle injuries includes both traffic and non-traffic collisions.
  • "Bicycle" injuries includes pedal cyclist deaths involving collisions with or without a motor vehicle; collision with a motor vehicle deaths are not included in the motor vehicle collision category.
  • Injuries caused by fire includes, but is not limited to, fires in private dwellings and injuries caused by ignition of clothing.
  • Other unintentional injuries includes unintentional injuries not included in any of the four injury categories: motor vehicle, bicycle, injuries by fire, or drowning.

II. Child Deaths by Age

Note that the age categories span unequal age ranges. Consequently, caution should be used when making comparisons among the groups. Comparisons are best made within each age group.

The Infant category includes all children who have not yet reached their first birthday.

III. North Carolina Population Data

When the 2000 census results were released, the State Demographer made necessary changes in the estimated population to reflect proximate population for the previous nine years. These changes revealed that the North Carolina population had been underestimated by 3 to 4 percent over the ten year period. The child death rates shown in the graph have been recalculated using the smoothed population estimates. With these changes, the rates have decreased slightly.

Smoothed estimates were based upon a process of smooting the estimates released in December of 2000 to more nearly match the trendline between the values for April 1, 1990, and April 1, 2000, from the 1990 and 2000 censuses.




Produced by the N.C. Division Public Health - Women's and Children's Health Section in conjunction with the State Center for Health Statistics