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Instructions for Reading the Tables

Example 1

Table 4
North Carolina Resident Births for 2001
By Education of Mother and Birth Weight in Grams
For Minority Women

Education of Mother Birth Weight in Grams Total
<1500 1500 - 2499 >=2500 Unknown
None or Elem. 32 78 651 0 761
H.S. 1-3 Years 213 803 6043 2 7061
H.S. 4 Years 405 1294 10849 3 12551
Col. 1-3 Years 275 712 6537 1 7525
Col. 4+ Years 150 353 4453 0 4956
Not stated 4 6 38 6 54
Total 1079 3246 28571 12 32908

Tables in this book produced by SAS System programming are of two basic types. Example 1 is the first type. It is a tabulation of the resident births in North Carolina for selected criteria where each birth is counted only once in the table.

Section one of example 1 is the title and general description of the tables in a group. In example 1, we have resident births for the year 2001 with education of mother by birth weight in grams controlling for race.

Section two of example 1 is the specific variable that is controlled for the table. In example 1, the control variable is race equals minority.

Section three of example 1 is the table itself. At the top of this section is the name of the row variable and the name of the column variable. In example 1 the row variable is "Education of Mother" and the column variable is "Birth Weight in Grams".

The body of the table is divided into cells. Across the top are the values of the column variable (birth weight in grams). In example 1 these values are: < 1500, 1500-2499, >=2500, unknown, and total. Down the left side are the values of the row variable (education of mother). In example 1 these values are: None or Elem., H.S. 1-3 Years, H.S. 4 Years, Col. 1-3 Years, Col. 4+ Years, not stated and total. Down the right side are the row totals. In example 1, row one, the total births to minority women with None or Elem. education equals 761. Across the bottom are the column totals. In example 1, column one, the number of births to minority women where the birth weight is under 1,500 grams equals 1,079. The remaining cells each contain the frequency (i.e., the number of births for the specified education and birth weight). To determine the percentage, divide the frequency by either the column total or the row total.


Example 2

Table 22
North Carolina Resident Births for 2001
By Conditions of Newborn and Birth Weight in Grams
For Minority Women

Condition of Newborn Birth Weight in Grams Total
<1500 1500 - 2499 >=2500 Unknown
None   455 2725 26912 4 30096
Assisted Ventilation   355 250 952 0 1557
All Others   351 317 737 2 1407
One or More   619 518 1647 2 2786
Unknown   5 3 12 6 26
  Total 1079 3246 28571 12 32908

Tables in this book produced by SAS System programming are of two basic types. Example 2 is the second type. It is a tabulation of the resident births in North Carolina for selected criteria where one birth may be counted more than once in the table.

Section one of example 2 is the title and general description of the tables in a group. In example 2, we have resident births for the year 2001 with conditions of the newborn by birth weight in grams controlling for race.

Section two of example 2 (the line just above the body of the table) is the specific variable that is controlled for in the table. In example 2, the control variable is minority women.

Section three of example 2 is the table itself. At the top of this section is the name of the row variable and the name of the column variable. In example 2 the row variable is "condition of newborn" and the column variable is "birth weight in grams". Down the left side of the table (below row variable name) are the values of the row variable. In example 2 these values are: none, assisted ventilation, all others, one or more, unknown, and total. Across the top of the table (below column variable name) are the values of the column variable. In example 2 these values are: <1500 grams, 1500 - 2499, >=2500 plus grams, unknown, and total.

The body of the table is divided into cells. Each cell is the number of births with a specific condition or conditions and birth weight in grams for minority women. In example 2 the number of births that had assisted ventilation and weighed less than 1,500 grams was 355. In this example, if a birth had assisted ventilation and another condition of the newborn, then that birth would be counted three times in this table (under "assisted ventilation", "all others", and "one or more"). However, the birth is counted only once in the column total.

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Page Last Updated Friday March 09 2012