RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2017 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
BY MATERNAL MEDICAID STATUS

  TOTAL MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS:
Prenatal Medicaid* Emergency Medicaid** Non-Medicaid
Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # %
TOTAL RESIDENT BIRTHS 120,099 100.0 58,159 48.4 7,938 6.6 54,002 45.0
RACE/ETHNICITY: 65,314 54.4 26,013 44.7 48 0.6 39,253 72.7
...White, Non-Hispanic
...Black, Non-Hispanic 28,950 24.1 22,383 38.5 90 1.1 6,477 12.0
...Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic 1,592 1.3 1,291 2.2 0 0 301 0.6
...Other, Non-Hispanic 5,782 4.8 1,816 3.1 115 1.4 3,851 7.1
...Hispanic 18,461 15.4 6,656 11.4 7,685 96.8 4,120 7.6
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 278 0.2 157 0.3 9 0.1 112 0.2
...Less than 500 grams
...500-1499 grams 1,793 1.5 1,113 1.9 89 1.1 591 1.1
...1500-2499 grams 9,240 7.7 5,478 9.4 479 6.0 3,283 6.1
...2500+ grams 108,761 90.6 51,399 88.4 7,357 92.7 50,005 92.6
...Unknown 27 0.0 12 0.0 4 0.1 11 0.0
(OBSTETRIC) WEEKS OF GESTATION: 834 0.7 511 0.9 35 0.4 288 0.5
...< 27 weeks
...27-31 weeks 1,510 1.3 887 1.5 93 1.2 530 1.0
...32-36 weeks 10,236 8.5 5,444 9.4 577 7.3 4,215 7.8
...37+ weeks 107,464 89.5 51,288 88.2 7,233 91.1 48,943 90.6
...Unknown 55 0.0 29 0.0 0 0 26 0.0
MOTHER'S AGE: 1,829 1.5 1,597 2.7 125 1.6 107 0.2
...< 18 years
...18-34 years 99,189 82.6 51,380 88.3 5,938 74.8 41,871 77.5
...35+ years 19,077 15.9 5,180 8.9 1,875 23.6 12,022 22.3
...Unknown 4 0.0 2 0.0 0 0 2 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 16,813 14.0 10,667 18.3 5,015 63.2 1,131 2.1
...Less than High School
...High School Graduate or GED 28,245 23.5 20,782 35.7 2,076 26.2 5,387 10.0
...Some College 38,001 31.6 21,825 37.5 529 6.7 15,647 29.0
...Bachelors Degree 23,500 19.6 3,881 6.7 219 2.8 19,400 35.9
...Masters or PhD 13,269 11.0 871 1.5 44 0.6 12,354 22.9
...Unknown 271 0.2 133 0.2 55 0.7 83 0.2
MARITAL STATUS: 70,927 59.1 19,809 34.1 3,207 40.4 47,911 88.7
...Married
...Unmarried 49,118 40.9 38,326 65.9 4,731 59.6 6,061 11.2
...Unknown 54 0.0 24 0.0 0 0 30 0.1
PARITY: 38,677 32.2 17,652 30.4 1,407 17.7 19,618 36.3
...1
...2-3 55,565 46.3 25,871 44.5 3,659 46.1 26,035 48.2
...4+ 25,768 21.5 14,596 25.1 2,865 36.1 8,307 15.4
...Unknown 89 0.1 40 0.1 7 0.1 42 0.1
PLURITY: 115,738 96.4 56,161 96.6 7,771 97.9 51,806 95.9
...Singleton
...Twin 4,239 3.5 1,952 3.4 161 2.0 2,126 3.9
...Other Multiples 122 0.1 46 0.1 6 0.1 70 0.1
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 84,816 70.6 41,034 70.6 6,075 76.5 37,707 69.8
...Vaginal
...C-Section 35,256 29.4 17,111 29.4 1,860 23.4 16,285 30.2
...Unknown 27 0.0 14 0.0 3 0.0 10 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 82,428 68.6 35,348 60.8 3,975 50.1 43,105 79.8
...First
...Second 27,537 22.9 16,741 28.8 3,013 38.0 7,783 14.4
...Third 6,872 5.7 4,241 7.3 655 8.3 1,976 3.7
...No care 2,163 1.8 1,332 2.3 198 2.5 633 1.2
...Unknown 1,099 0.9 497 0.9 97 1.2 505 0.9
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 1,558 1.3 749 1.3 160 2.0 649 1.2
...Missing
...Inadequate 22,253 18.5 14,104 24.3 2,433 30.7 5,716 10.6
...Intermediate 6,698 5.6 3,381 5.8 734 9.2 2,583 4.8
...Adequate 31,215 26.0 13,845 23.8 2,111 26.6 15,259 28.3
...Adequate Plus 58,375 48.6 26,080 44.8 2,500 31.5 29,795 55.2
PLACE OF DELIVERY: 118,252 98.5 57,821 99.4 7,934 99.9 52,497 97.2
...Hospital
...Home Birth (Intentional or not) 650 0.5 93 0.2 4 0.1 553 1.0
...Other 1,197 1.0 245 0.4 0 0 952 1.8
MOTHER SMOKED? 10,399 8.7 9,213 15.8 18 0.2 1,168 2.2
...Yes
...No 109,675 91.3 48,939 84.1 7,920 99.8 52,816 97.8
...Unknown 25 0.0 7 0.0 0 0 18 0.0
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 4,126 3.4 2,550 4.4 135 1.7 1,441 2.7
...Underweight (<18.5)
...Normal (18.5-24.9) 49,574 41.3 20,726 35.6 2,598 32.7 26,250 48.6
...Overweight (25.0-29.9) 29,972 25.0 13,774 23.7 2,768 34.9 13,430 24.9
...Obese (30.0+) 33,867 28.2 19,882 34.2 2,075 26.1 11,910 22.1
...Unknown 2,560 2.1 1,227 2.1 362 4.6 971 1.8
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 96,887 80.7 40,867 70.3 7,004 88.2 49,016 90.8
...Yes
...No 22,842 19.0 17,193 29.6 934 11.8 4,715 8.7
...Unknown 370 0.3 99 0.2 0 0 271 0.5
MOTHER'S WIC STATUS: 50,768 42.3 40,223 69.2 5,982 75.4 4,563 8.4
...Prenatal WIC
...No Prenatal WIC 69,331 57.7 17,936 30.8 1,956 24.6 49,439 91.6

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services


RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2017 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
MEDICAID DELIVERIES (PRENATAL AND EMERGENCY) BY RACE/ETHNICITY

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY:
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL RESIDENT BIRTHS 66,097 100.0 26,061 39.4 22,473 34.0 1,291 2.0 1,931 2.9 14,341 21.7
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 58,159 88.0 26,013 99.8 22,383 99.6 1,291 100.0 1,816 94.0 6,656 46.4
...Prenatal Medicaid*
...Emergency Medicaid** 7,938 12.0 48 0.2 90 0.4 0 0 115 6.0 7,685 53.6
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 166 0.3 36 0.1 99 0.4 5 0.4 2 0.1 24 0.2
...Less than 500 grams
...500-1499 grams 1,202 1.8 365 1.4 637 2.8 33 2.6 14 0.7 153 1.1
...1500-2499 grams 5,957 9.0 2,154 8.3 2,595 11.5 121 9.4 161 8.3 926 6.5
...2500+ grams 58,756 88.9 23,500 90.2 19,136 85.2 1,132 87.7 1,754 90.8 13,234 92.3
...Unknown 16 0.0 6 0.0 6 0.0 0 0 0 0 4 0.0
(OBSTETRIC) WEEKS OF GESTATION: 546 0.8 142 0.5 301 1.3 22 1.7 8 0.4 73 0.5
...< 27 weeks
...27-31 weeks 980 1.5 340 1.3 457 2.0 21 1.6 13 0.7 149 1.0
...32-36 weeks 6,021 9.1 2,314 8.9 2,355 10.5 107 8.3 134 6.9 1,111 7.7
...37+ weeks 58,521 88.5 23,252 89.2 19,347 86.1 1,141 88.4 1,776 92.0 13,005 90.7
...Unknown 29 0.0 13 0.0 13 0.1 0 0 0 0 3 0.0
MOTHER'S AGE: 1,722 2.6 509 2.0 641 2.9 44 3.4 25 1.3 503 3.5
...< 18 years
...18-34 years 57,318 86.7 23,298 89.4 19,846 88.3 1,149 89.0 1,616 83.7 11,409 79.6
...35+ years 7,055 10.7 2,252 8.6 1,986 8.8 98 7.6 290 15.0 2,429 16.9
...Unknown 2 0.0 2 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 15,682 23.7 4,344 16.7 3,587 16.0 265 20.5 553 28.6 6,933 48.3
...Less than High School
...High School Graduate or GED 22,858 34.6 9,121 35.0 8,276 36.8 490 38.0 578 29.9 4,393 30.6
...Some College 22,354 33.8 10,376 39.8 8,640 38.4 471 36.5 482 25.0 2,385 16.6
...Bachelors Degree 4,100 6.2 1,772 6.8 1,555 6.9 54 4.2 231 12.0 488 3.4
...Masters or PhD 915 1.4 382 1.5 375 1.7 11 0.9 72 3.7 75 0.5
...Unknown 188 0.3 66 0.3 40 0.2 0 0 15 0.8 67 0.5
MARITAL STATUS: 23,016 34.8 11,380 43.7 4,112 18.3 340 26.3 1,240 64.2 5,944 41.4
...Married
...Unmarried 43,057 65.1 14,661 56.3 18,357 81.7 951 73.7 691 35.8 8,397 58.6
...Unknown 24 0.0 20 0.1 4 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0
PARITY: 19,059 28.8 8,047 30.9 6,375 28.4 427 33.1 593 30.7 3,617 25.2
...1
...2-3 29,530 44.7 12,067 46.3 9,544 42.5 597 46.2 887 45.9 6,435 44.9
...4+ 17,461 26.4 5,933 22.8 6,532 29.1 267 20.7 450 23.3 4,279 29.8
...Unknown 47 0.1 14 0.1 22 0.1 0 0 1 0.1 10 0.1
PLURITY: 63,932 96.7 25,231 96.8 21,538 95.8 1,243 96.3 1,889 97.8 14,031 97.8
...Singleton
...Twin 2,113 3.2 799 3.1 920 4.1 48 3.7 42 2.2 304 2.1
...Other Multiples 52 0.1 31 0.1 15 0.1 0 0 0 0 6 0.0
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 47,109 71.3 18,304 70.2 15,513 69.0 896 69.4 1,466 75.9 10,930 76.2
...Vaginal
...C-Section 18,971 28.7 7,748 29.7 6,957 31.0 394 30.5 463 24.0 3,409 23.8
...Unknown 17 0.0 9 0.0 3 0.0 1 0.1 2 0.1 2 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 39,323 59.5 17,033 65.4 12,857 57.2 715 55.4 950 49.2 7,768 54.2
...First
...Second 19,754 29.9 6,652 25.5 6,990 31.1 402 31.1 759 39.3 4,951 34.5
...Third 4,896 7.4 1,637 6.3 1,841 8.2 93 7.2 177 9.2 1,148 8.0
...No care 1,530 2.3 527 2.0 591 2.6 59 4.6 28 1.5 325 2.3
...Unknown 594 0.9 212 0.8 194 0.9 22 1.7 17 0.9 149 1.0
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 909 1.4 324 1.2 285 1.3 25 1.9 27 1.4 248 1.7
...Missing
...Inadequate 16,537 25.0 5,410 20.8 6,185 27.5 372 28.8 546 28.3 4,024 28.1
...Intermediate 4,115 6.2 1,302 5.0 1,432 6.4 121 9.4 112 5.8 1,148 8.0
...Adequate 15,956 24.1 6,387 24.5 4,903 21.8 374 29.0 469 24.3 3,823 26.7
...Adequate Plus 28,580 43.2 12,638 48.5 9,668 43.0 399 30.9 777 40.2 5,098 35.5
PLACE OF DELIVERY: 65,755 99.5 25,826 99.1 22,404 99.7 1,284 99.5 1,926 99.7 14,315 99.8
...Hospital
...Home Birth (Intentional or not) 97 0.1 47 0.2 33 0.1 3 0.2 2 0.1 12 0.1
...Other 245 0.4 188 0.7 36 0.2 4 0.3 3 0.2 14 0.1
MOTHER SMOKED? 9,231 14.0 6,401 24.6 2,167 9.6 356 27.6 61 3.2 246 1.7
...Yes
...No 56,859 86.0 19,657 75.4 20,302 90.3 935 72.4 1,870 96.8 14,095 98.3
...Unknown 7 0.0 3 0.0 4 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 2,685 4.1 1,393 5.3 737 3.3 68 5.3 161 8.3 326 2.3
...Underweight (<18.5)
...Normal (18.5-24.9) 23,324 35.3 10,090 38.7 7,040 31.3 423 32.8 948 49.1 4,823 33.6
...Overweight (25.0-29.9) 16,542 25.0 6,003 23.0 5,148 22.9 312 24.2 434 22.5 4,645 32.4
...Obese (30.0+) 21,957 33.2 8,232 31.6 8,929 39.7 455 35.2 298 15.4 4,043 28.2
...Unknown 1,589 2.4 343 1.3 619 2.8 33 2.6 90 4.7 504 3.5
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 47,871 72.4 18,741 71.9 14,544 64.7 649 50.3 1,543 79.9 12,394 86.4
...Yes
...No 18,127 27.4 7,269 27.9 7,900 35.2 630 48.8 387 20.0 1,941 13.5
...Unknown 99 0.1 51 0.2 29 0.1 12 0.9 1 0.1 6 0.0
MOTHER'S WIC STATUS: 46,205 69.9 16,779 64.4 16,656 74.1 798 61.8 1,333 69.0 10,639 74.2
...Prenatal WIC
...No Prenatal WIC 19,892 30.1 9,282 35.6 5,817 25.9 493 38.2 598 31.0 3,702 25.8

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding.
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services


2017 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
MEDICAID DELIVERIES BY COUNTY OF RESIDENCE

  TOTAL MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS:
Prenatal Medicaid* Emergency Medicaid** Non-Medicaid
Births Births Births
# % # % # %
TOTAL RESIDENT BIRTHS 120,099 58,159 48.4 7,938 6.6 54,002 45.0
RESIDENCE: 1,939 1,030 53.1 178 9.2 731 37.7
Alamance
Alexander 377 240 63.7 9 2.4 128 34.0
Alleghany 102 70 68.6 8 7.8 24 23.5
Anson 256 200 78.1 3 1.2 53 20.7
Ashe 216 146 67.6 12 5.6 58 26.9
Avery 109 68 62.4 7 6.4 34 31.2
Beaufort 470 311 66.2 30 6.4 129 27.4
Bertie 171 124 72.5 3 1.8 44 25.7
Bladen 325 228 70.2 26 8.0 71 21.8
Brunswick 1,007 540 53.6 43 4.3 424 42.1
Buncombe 2,392 1,187 49.6 160 6.7 1,045 43.7
Burke 927 596 64.3 93 10.0 238 25.7
Cabarrus 2,593 1,098 42.3 175 6.7 1,320 50.9
Caldwell 783 552 70.5 20 2.6 211 26.9
Camden 89 30 33.7 0 0 59 66.3
Carteret 567 259 45.7 16 2.8 292 51.5
Caswell 204 131 64.2 11 5.4 62 30.4
Catawba 1,652 1,014 61.4 91 5.5 547 33.1
Chatham 663 218 32.9 82 12.4 363 54.8
Cherokee 221 163 73.8 2 0.9 56 25.3
Chowan 134 80 59.7 4 3.0 50 37.3
Clay 89 59 66.3 5 5.6 25 28.1
Cleveland 1,065 769 72.2 15 1.4 281 26.4
Columbus 578 439 76.0 18 3.1 121 20.9
Craven 1,386 562 40.5 21 1.5 803 57.9
Cumberland 5,506 2,460 44.7 64 1.2 2,982 54.2
Currituck 257 83 32.3 1 0.4 173 67.3
Dare 344 144 41.9 42 12.2 158 45.9
Davidson 1,762 1,050 59.6 108 6.1 604 34.3
Davie 369 201 54.5 27 7.3 141 38.2
Duplin 653 359 55.0 130 19.9 164 25.1
Durham 4,182 1,518 36.3 545 13.0 2,119 50.7
Edgecombe 631 520 82.4 19 3.0 92 14.6
Forsyth 4,372 2,137 48.9 441 10.1 1,794 41.0
Franklin 719 356 49.5 41 5.7 322 44.8
Gaston 2,588 1,527 59.0 114 4.4 947 36.6
Gates 100 58 58.0 0 0 42 42.0
Graham 78 56 71.8 0 0 22 28.2
Granville 599 322 53.8 28 4.7 249 41.6
Greene 205 134 65.4 26 12.7 45 22.0
Guilford 6,218 3,376 54.3 407 6.5 2,435 39.2
Halifax 593 461 77.7 15 2.5 117 19.7
Harnett 1,886 764 40.5 105 5.6 1,017 53.9
Haywood 617 396 64.2 18 2.9 203 32.9
Henderson 1,040 520 50.0 95 9.1 425 40.9
Hertford 230 174 75.7 9 3.9 47 20.4
Hoke 880 365 41.5 46 5.2 469 53.3
Hyde 34 19 55.9 2 5.9 13 38.2
Iredell 1,857 905 48.7 74 4.0 878 47.3
Jackson 372 241 64.8 15 4.0 116 31.2
Johnston 2,318 1,059 45.7 201 8.7 1,058 45.6
Jones 106 65 61.3 4 3.8 37 34.9
Lee 759 412 54.3 88 11.6 259 34.1
Lenoir 616 466 75.6 29 4.7 121 19.6
Lincoln 806 425 52.7 25 3.1 356 44.2
McDowell 457 312 68.3 19 4.2 126 27.6
Macon 339 216 63.7 26 7.7 97 28.6
Madison 177 124 70.1 0 0 53 29.9
Martin 248 169 68.1 13 5.2 66 26.6
Mecklenburg 14,746 5,713 38.7 1,363 9.2 7,670 52.0
Mitchell 135 84 62.2 5 3.7 46 34.1
Montgomery 270 193 71.5 28 10.4 49 18.1
Moore 1,109 431 38.9 43 3.9 635 57.3
Nash 1,110 734 66.1 61 5.5 315 28.4
New Hanover 2,266 970 42.8 148 6.5 1,148 50.7
Northampton 200 158 79.0 7 3.5 35 17.5
Onslow 4,060 1,119 27.6 28 0.7 2,913 71.7
Orange 1,179 366 31.0 92 7.8 721 61.2
Pamlico 73 48 65.8 2 2.7 23 31.5
Pasquotank 492 283 57.5 18 3.7 191 38.8
Pender 658 317 48.2 45 6.8 296 45.0
Perquimans 124 78 62.9 1 0.8 45 36.3
Person 443 292 65.9 11 2.5 140 31.6
Pitt 2,051 1,130 55.1 94 4.6 827 40.3
Polk 161 91 56.5 6 3.7 64 39.8
Randolph 1,576 895 56.8 124 7.9 557 35.3
Richmond 574 469 81.7 22 3.8 83 14.5
Robeson 1,782 1,392 78.1 154 8.6 236 13.2
Rockingham 860 545 63.4 33 3.8 282 32.8
Rowan 1,588 963 60.6 98 6.2 527 33.2
Rutherford 689 506 73.4 11 1.6 172 25.0
Sampson 831 508 61.1 148 17.8 175 21.1
Scotland 455 378 83.1 3 0.7 74 16.3
Stanly 732 427 58.3 24 3.3 281 38.4
Stokes 404 228 56.4 2 0.5 174 43.1
Surry 738 467 63.3 54 7.3 217 29.4
Swain 152 122 80.3 0 0 30 19.7
Transylvania 252 161 63.9 11 4.4 80 31.7
Tyrrell 38 25 65.8 3 7.9 10 26.3
Union 2,382 840 35.3 200 8.4 1,342 56.3
Vance 584 466 79.8 46 7.9 72 12.3
Wake 12,683 3,637 28.7 907 7.2 8,139 64.2
Warren 176 137 77.8 5 2.8 34 19.3
Washington 134 108 80.6 3 2.2 23 17.2
Watauga 398 150 37.7 15 3.8 233 58.5
Wayne 1,611 895 55.6 151 9.4 565 35.1
Wilkes 649 435 67.0 25 3.9 189 29.1
Wilson 939 564 60.1 95 10.1 280 29.8
Yadkin 392 228 58.2 30 7.7 134 34.2
Yancey 170 98 57.6 13 7.6 59 34.7

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services