RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2017 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
BY MATERNAL PRENATAL WIC STATUS

  TOTAL MOTHER'S WIC STATUS:
Prenatal WIC No Prenatal WIC
Births Births Births
# % # % # %
TOTAL RESIDENT BIRTHS 120,099 100.0 50,768 42.3 69,331 57.7
RACE/ETHNICITY: 65,314 54.4 18,779 37.0 46,535 67.1
...White, Non-Hispanic
...Black, Non-Hispanic 28,950 24.1 18,009 35.5 10,941 15.8
...Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic 1,592 1.3 843 1.7 749 1.1
...Other, Non-Hispanic 5,782 4.8 1,499 3.0 4,283 6.2
...Hispanic 18,461 15.4 11,638 22.9 6,823 9.8
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 278 0.2 38 0.1 240 0.3
...Less than 500 grams
...500-1499 grams 1,793 1.5 753 1.5 1,040 1.5
...1500-2499 grams 9,240 7.7 4,368 8.6 4,872 7.0
...2500+ grams 108,761 90.6 45,602 89.8 63,159 91.1
...Unknown 27 0.0 7 0.0 20 0.0
(OBSTETRIC) WEEKS OF GESTATION: 834 0.7 227 0.4 607 0.9
...< 27 weeks
...27-31 weeks 1,510 1.3 614 1.2 896 1.3
...32-36 weeks 10,236 8.5 4,410 8.7 5,826 8.4
...37+ weeks 107,464 89.5 45,512 89.6 61,952 89.4
...Unknown 55 0.0 5 0.0 50 0.1
MOTHER'S AGE: 1,829 1.5 1,463 2.9 366 0.5
...< 18 years
...18-34 years 99,189 82.6 43,877 86.4 55,312 79.8
...35+ years 19,077 15.9 5,428 10.7 13,649 19.7
...Unknown 4 0.0 0 0 4 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 16,813 14.0 12,198 24.0 4,615 6.7
...Less than High School
...High School Graduate or GED 28,245 23.5 17,969 35.4 10,276 14.8
...Some College 38,001 31.6 17,122 33.7 20,879 30.1
...Bachelors Degree 23,500 19.6 2,758 5.4 20,742 29.9
...Masters or PhD 13,269 11.0 587 1.2 12,682 18.3
...Unknown 271 0.2 134 0.3 137 0.2
MARITAL STATUS: 70,927 59.1 17,942 35.3 52,985 76.4
...Married
...Unmarried 49,118 40.9 32,812 64.6 16,306 23.5
...Unknown 54 0.0 14 0.0 40 0.1
PARITY: 38,677 32.2 15,885 31.3 22,792 32.9
...1
...2-3 55,565 46.3 22,220 43.8 33,345 48.1
...4+ 25,768 21.5 12,628 24.9 13,140 19.0
...Unknown 89 0.1 35 0.1 54 0.1
PLURITY: 115,738 96.4 49,129 96.8 66,609 96.1
...Singleton
...Twin 4,239 3.5 1,613 3.2 2,626 3.8
...Other Multiples 122 0.1 26 0.1 96 0.1
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 84,816 70.6 36,123 71.2 48,693 70.2
...Vaginal
...C-Section 35,256 29.4 14,631 28.8 20,625 29.7
...Unknown 27 0.0 14 0.0 13 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 82,428 68.6 31,718 62.5 50,710 73.1
...First
...Second 27,537 22.9 14,799 29.2 12,738 18.4
...Third 6,872 5.7 3,215 6.3 3,657 5.3
...No care 2,163 1.8 617 1.2 1,546 2.2
...Unknown 1,099 0.9 419 0.8 680 1.0
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 1,558 1.3 656 1.3 902 1.3
...Missing
...Inadequate 22,253 18.5 11,169 22.0 11,084 16.0
...Intermediate 6,698 5.6 3,361 6.6 3,337 4.8
...Adequate 31,215 26.0 12,892 25.4 18,323 26.4
...Adequate Plus 58,375 48.6 22,690 44.7 35,685 51.5
PLACE OF DELIVERY: 118,252 98.5 50,512 99.5 67,740 97.7
...Hospital
...Home Birth (Intentional or not) 650 0.5 115 0.2 535 0.8
...Other 1,197 1.0 141 0.3 1,056 1.5
MOTHER SMOKED? 10,399 8.7 6,627 13.1 3,772 5.4
...Yes
...No 109,675 91.3 44,138 86.9 65,537 94.5
...Unknown 25 0.0 3 0.0 22 0.0
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 4,126 3.4 2,015 4.0 2,111 3.0
...Underweight (<18.5)
...Normal (18.5-24.9) 49,574 41.3 17,470 34.4 32,104 46.3
...Overweight (25.0-29.9) 29,972 25.0 12,657 24.9 17,315 25.0
...Obese (30.0+) 33,867 28.2 17,536 34.5 16,331 23.6
...Unknown 2,560 2.1 1,090 2.1 1,470 2.1
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 96,887 80.7 36,915 72.7 59,972 86.5
...Yes
...No 22,842 19.0 13,759 27.1 9,083 13.1
...Unknown 370 0.3 94 0.2 276 0.4
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 58,159 48.4 40,223 79.2 17,936 25.9
...Prenatal Medicaid*
...Emergency Medicaid** 7,938 6.6 5,982 11.8 1,956 2.8
...Non-Medicaid 54,002 45.0 4,563 9.0 49,439 71.3

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services


RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2017 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
MOTHERS ENROLLED IN PRENATAL WIC BY RACE/ETHNICITY

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY:
...White, Non-Hispanic ...Black, Non-Hispanic ...Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic ...Other, Non-Hispanic ...Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL RESIDENT BIRTHS 50,768 100.0 18,779 37.0 18,009 35.5 843 1.7 1,499 3.0 11,638 22.9
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 38 0.1 9 0.0 22 0.1 1 0.1 0 0 6 0.1
...Less than 500 grams
...500-1499 grams 753 1.5 214 1.1 420 2.3 16 1.9 7 0.5 96 0.8
...1500-2499 grams 4,368 8.6 1,481 7.9 1,993 11.1 68 8.1 123 8.2 703 6.0
...2500+ grams 45,602 89.8 17,074 90.9 15,570 86.5 758 89.9 1,369 91.3 10,831 93.1
...Unknown 7 0.0 1 0.0 4 0.0 0 0 0 0 2 0.0
(OBSTETRIC) WEEKS OF GESTATION: 227 0.4 50 0.3 125 0.7 9 1.1 2 0.1 41 0.4
...< 27 weeks
...27-31 weeks 614 1.2 201 1.1 317 1.8 9 1.1 8 0.5 79 0.7
...32-36 weeks 4,410 8.7 1,621 8.6 1,762 9.8 60 7.1 104 6.9 863 7.4
...37+ weeks 45,512 89.6 16,903 90.0 15,804 87.8 765 90.7 1,385 92.4 10,655 91.6
...Unknown 5 0.0 4 0.0 1 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0
MOTHER'S AGE: 1,463 2.9 449 2.4 544 3.0 32 3.8 22 1.5 416 3.6
...< 18 years
...18-34 years 43,877 86.4 16,870 89.8 15,798 87.7 744 88.3 1,243 82.9 9,222 79.2
...35+ years 5,428 10.7 1,460 7.8 1,667 9.3 67 7.9 234 15.6 2,000 17.2
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 12,198 24.0 3,271 17.4 2,675 14.9 173 20.5 466 31.1 5,613 48.2
...Less than High School
...High School Graduate or GED 17,969 35.4 6,965 37.1 6,698 37.2 328 38.9 435 29.0 3,543 30.4
...Some College 17,122 33.7 7,366 39.2 7,093 39.4 306 36.3 346 23.1 2,011 17.3
...Bachelors Degree 2,758 5.4 938 5.0 1,244 6.9 30 3.6 184 12.3 362 3.1
...Masters or PhD 587 1.2 197 1.0 276 1.5 6 0.7 57 3.8 51 0.4
...Unknown 134 0.3 42 0.2 23 0.1 0 0 11 0.7 58 0.5
MARITAL STATUS: 17,942 35.3 8,168 43.5 3,513 19.5 229 27.2 1,011 67.4 5,021 43.1
...Married
...Unmarried 32,812 64.6 10,601 56.5 14,493 80.5 614 72.8 488 32.6 6,616 56.8
...Unknown 14 0.0 10 0.1 3 0.0 0 0 0 0 1 0.0
PARITY: 15,885 31.3 6,349 33.8 5,723 31.8 316 37.5 484 32.3 3,013 25.9
...1
...2-3 22,220 43.8 8,457 45.0 7,540 41.9 367 43.5 682 45.5 5,174 44.5
...4+ 12,628 24.9 3,962 21.1 4,730 26.3 160 19.0 332 22.1 3,444 29.6
...Unknown 35 0.1 11 0.1 16 0.1 0 0 1 0.1 7 0.1
PLURITY: 49,129 96.8 18,190 96.9 17,279 95.9 815 96.7 1,458 97.3 11,387 97.8
...Singleton
...Twin 1,613 3.2 578 3.1 721 4.0 28 3.3 41 2.7 245 2.1
...Other Multiples 26 0.1 11 0.1 9 0.0 0 0 0 0 6 0.1
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 36,123 71.2 13,133 69.9 12,385 68.8 585 69.4 1,138 75.9 8,882 76.3
...Vaginal
...C-Section 14,631 28.8 5,638 30.0 5,622 31.2 257 30.5 360 24.0 2,754 23.7
...Unknown 14 0.0 8 0.0 2 0.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 2 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 31,718 62.5 12,816 68.2 11,075 61.5 506 60.0 765 51.0 6,556 56.3
...First
...Second 14,799 29.2 4,640 24.7 5,336 29.6 252 29.9 583 38.9 3,988 34.3
...Third 3,215 6.3 998 5.3 1,214 6.7 57 6.8 128 8.5 818 7.0
...No care 617 1.2 182 1.0 258 1.4 14 1.7 10 0.7 153 1.3
...Unknown 419 0.8 143 0.8 126 0.7 14 1.7 13 0.9 123 1.1
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 656 1.3 217 1.2 190 1.1 17 2.0 22 1.5 210 1.8
...Missing
...Inadequate 11,169 22.0 3,384 18.0 4,197 23.3 189 22.4 400 26.7 2,999 25.8
...Intermediate 3,361 6.6 1,056 5.6 1,178 6.5 70 8.3 92 6.1 965 8.3
...Adequate 12,892 25.4 4,812 25.6 4,235 23.5 272 32.3 371 24.7 3,202 27.5
...Adequate Plus 22,690 44.7 9,310 49.6 8,209 45.6 295 35.0 614 41.0 4,262 36.6
PLACE OF DELIVERY: 50,512 99.5 18,623 99.2 17,946 99.7 842 99.9 1,497 99.9 11,604 99.7
...Hospital
...Home Birth (Intentional or not) 115 0.2 60 0.3 36 0.2 1 0.1 1 0.1 17 0.1
...Other 141 0.3 96 0.5 27 0.1 0 0 1 0.1 17 0.1
MOTHER SMOKED? 6,627 13.1 4,595 24.5 1,625 9.0 198 23.5 43 2.9 166 1.4
...Yes
...No 44,138 86.9 14,183 75.5 16,382 91.0 645 76.5 1,456 97.1 11,472 98.6
...Unknown 3 0.0 1 0.0 2 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 2,015 4.0 969 5.2 606 3.4 45 5.3 121 8.1 274 2.4
...Underweight (<18.5)
...Normal (18.5-24.9) 17,470 34.4 6,972 37.1 5,599 31.1 290 34.4 735 49.0 3,874 33.3
...Overweight (25.0-29.9) 12,657 24.9 4,283 22.8 4,103 22.8 190 22.5 331 22.1 3,750 32.2
...Obese (30.0+) 17,536 34.5 6,351 33.8 7,275 40.4 308 36.5 244 16.3 3,358 28.9
...Unknown 1,090 2.1 204 1.1 426 2.4 10 1.2 68 4.5 382 3.3
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 36,915 72.7 13,349 71.1 11,819 65.6 426 50.5 1,195 79.7 10,126 87.0
...Yes
...No 13,759 27.1 5,378 28.6 6,167 34.2 409 48.5 303 20.2 1,502 12.9
...Unknown 94 0.2 52 0.3 23 0.1 8 0.9 1 0.1 10 0.1
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 40,223 79.2 16,754 89.2 16,603 92.2 798 94.7 1,260 84.1 4,808 41.3
...Prenatal Medicaid*
...Emergency Medicaid** 5,982 11.8 25 0.1 53 0.3 0 0 73 4.9 5,831 50.1
...Non-Medicaid 4,563 9.0 2,000 10.7 1,353 7.5 45 5.3 166 11.1 999 8.6

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding.
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services


2017 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
MOTHERS ENROLLED IN PRENATAL WIC BY COUNTY OF RESIDENCE

  TOTAL MOTHER'S PRENATAL WIC STATUS:
Prenatal WIC No Prenatal WIC
Births Births
# % # %
TOTAL RESIDENT BIRTHS 120,099 50,768 42.3 69,331 57.7
RESIDENCE: 1,939 958 49.4 981 50.6
Alamance
Alexander 377 182 48.3 195 51.7
Alleghany 102 58 56.9 44 43.1
Anson 256 173 67.6 83 32.4
Ashe 216 118 54.6 98 45.4
Avery 109 64 58.7 45 41.3
Beaufort 470 299 63.6 171 36.4
Bertie 171 117 68.4 54 31.6
Bladen 325 200 61.5 125 38.5
Brunswick 1,007 460 45.7 547 54.3
Buncombe 2,392 1,052 44.0 1,340 56.0
Burke 927 523 56.4 404 43.6
Cabarrus 2,593 732 28.2 1,861 71.8
Caldwell 783 386 49.3 397 50.7
Camden 89 33 37.1 56 62.9
Carteret 567 222 39.2 345 60.8
Caswell 204 119 58.3 85 41.7
Catawba 1,652 782 47.3 870 52.7
Chatham 663 236 35.6 427 64.4
Cherokee 221 135 61.1 86 38.9
Chowan 134 77 57.5 57 42.5
Clay 89 62 69.7 27 30.3
Cleveland 1,065 646 60.7 419 39.3
Columbus 578 352 60.9 226 39.1
Craven 1,386 664 47.9 722 52.1
Cumberland 5,506 2,549 46.3 2,957 53.7
Currituck 257 67 26.1 190 73.9
Dare 344 126 36.6 218 63.4
Davidson 1,762 873 49.5 889 50.5
Davie 369 175 47.4 194 52.6
Duplin 653 371 56.8 282 43.2
Durham 4,182 1,485 35.5 2,697 64.5
Edgecombe 631 452 71.6 179 28.4
Forsyth 4,372 1,968 45.0 2,404 55.0
Franklin 719 278 38.7 441 61.3
Gaston 2,588 1,115 43.1 1,473 56.9
Gates 100 49 49.0 51 51.0
Graham 78 51 65.4 27 34.6
Granville 599 236 39.4 363 60.6
Greene 205 142 69.3 63 30.7
Guilford 6,218 2,810 45.2 3,408 54.8
Halifax 593 408 68.8 185 31.2
Harnett 1,886 733 38.9 1,153 61.1
Haywood 617 302 48.9 315 51.1
Henderson 1,040 410 39.4 630 60.6
Hertford 230 152 66.1 78 33.9
Hoke 880 321 36.5 559 63.5
Hyde 34 18 52.9 16 47.1
Iredell 1,857 702 37.8 1,155 62.2
Jackson 372 162 43.5 210 56.5
Johnston 2,318 871 37.6 1,447 62.4
Jones 106 52 49.1 54 50.9
Lee 759 425 56.0 334 44.0
Lenoir 616 376 61.0 240 39.0
Lincoln 806 333 41.3 473 58.7
McDowell 457 261 57.1 196 42.9
Macon 339 197 58.1 142 41.9
Madison 177 91 51.4 86 48.6
Martin 248 151 60.9 97 39.1
Mecklenburg 14,746 4,597 31.2 10,149 68.8
Mitchell 135 77 57.0 58 43.0
Montgomery 270 179 66.3 91 33.7
Moore 1,109 378 34.1 731 65.9
Nash 1,110 680 61.3 430 38.7
New Hanover 2,266 800 35.3 1,466 64.7
Northampton 200 121 60.5 79 39.5
Onslow 4,060 1,627 40.1 2,433 59.9
Orange 1,179 369 31.3 810 68.7
Pamlico 73 50 68.5 23 31.5
Pasquotank 492 271 55.1 221 44.9
Pender 658 276 41.9 382 58.1
Perquimans 124 55 44.4 69 55.6
Person 443 232 52.4 211 47.6
Pitt 2,051 1,006 49.0 1,045 51.0
Polk 161 59 36.6 102 63.4
Randolph 1,576 774 49.1 802 50.9
Richmond 574 400 69.7 174 30.3
Robeson 1,782 1,035 58.1 747 41.9
Rockingham 860 457 53.1 403 46.9
Rowan 1,588 721 45.4 867 54.6
Rutherford 689 424 61.5 265 38.5
Sampson 831 514 61.9 317 38.1
Scotland 455 323 71.0 132 29.0
Stanly 732 333 45.5 399 54.5
Stokes 404 164 40.6 240 59.4
Surry 738 362 49.1 376 50.9
Swain 152 70 46.1 82 53.9
Transylvania 252 119 47.2 133 52.8
Tyrrell 38 21 55.3 17 44.7
Union 2,382 626 26.3 1,756 73.7
Vance 584 361 61.8 223 38.2
Wake 12,683 3,507 27.7 9,176 72.3
Warren 176 112 63.6 64 36.4
Washington 134 100 74.6 34 25.4
Watauga 398 144 36.2 254 63.8
Wayne 1,611 867 53.8 744 46.2
Wilkes 649 363 55.9 286 44.1
Wilson 939 546 58.1 393 41.9
Yadkin 392 201 51.3 191 48.7
Yancey 170 85 50.0 85 50.0

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services