RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2018 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS: OVERALL, ALL MOTHERS

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY:
RESIDENT BIRTHS White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
# % # % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 118,957 100.0 64,637 54.3 28,719 24.1 1,608 1.4 5,634 4.7 18,359 15.4
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 240 0.2 73 0.1 126 0.4 7 0.4 8 0.1 26 0.1
...Less than 500 grams
...500-1499 grams 1,696 1.4 664 1.0 748 2.6 33 2.1 60 1.1 191 1.0
...1500-2499 grams 9,083 7.6 4,126 6.4 3,220 11.2 151 9.4 424 7.5 1,162 6.3
...2500+ grams 107,909 90.7 59,760 92.5 24,614 85.7 1,417 88.1 5,141 91.2 16,977 92.5
...Unknown 29 0.0 14 0.0 11 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 3 0.0
(OBSTETRIC) WEEKS OF GESTATION: 755 0.6 268 0.4 361 1.3 16 1.0 28 0.5 82 0.4
...< 27 weeks
...27-31 weeks 1,339 1.1 570 0.9 515 1.8 27 1.7 46 0.8 181 1.0
...32-36 weeks 10,251 8.6 5,237 8.1 3,044 10.6 150 9.3 407 7.2 1,413 7.7
...37+ weeks 106,552 89.6 58,534 90.6 24,774 86.3 1,415 88.0 5,150 91.4 16,679 90.8
...Unknown 60 0.1 28 0.0 25 0.1 0 0.0 3 0.1 4 0.0
MOTHER'S AGE: 1,629 1.4 521 0.8 577 2.0 40 2.5 17 0.3 474 2.6
...< 18 years
...18-34 years 98,050 82.4 53,319 82.5 24,407 85.0 1,407 87.5 4,349 77.2 14,568 79.4
...35+ years 19,274 16.2 10,796 16.7 3,732 13.0 161 10.0 1,268 22.5 3,317 18.1
...Unknown 4 0.0 1 0.0 3 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 15,637 13.1 4,436 6.9 3,444 12.0 284 17.7 526 9.3 6,947 37.8
...Less than High School
...High School Graduate or GED 28,323 23.8 12,346 19.1 9,314 32.4 558 34.7 787 14.0 5,318 29.0
...Some College 37,033 31.1 21,071 32.6 10,572 36.8 581 36.1 964 17.1 3,845 20.9
...Bachelors Degree 24,112 20.3 17,148 26.5 3,549 12.4 117 7.3 1,753 31.1 1,545 8.4
...Masters or PhD 13,466 11.3 9,457 14.6 1,775 6.2 66 4.1 1,570 27.9 598 3.3
...Unknown 386 0.3 179 0.3 65 0.2 2 0.1 34 0.6 106 0.6
MARITAL STATUS: 70,305 59.1 47,373 73.3 8,259 28.8 555 34.5 4,777 84.8 9,341 50.9
...Married
...Unmarried 48,599 40.9 17,243 26.7 20,445 71.2 1,053 65.5 852 15.1 9,006 49.1
...Unknown 53 0.0 21 0.0 15 0.1 0 0.0 5 0.1 12 0.1
PARITY: 38,393 32.3 22,429 34.7 8,298 28.9 488 30.3 2,130 37.8 5,048 27.5
...1
...2-3 55,027 46.3 30,855 47.7 12,454 43.4 728 45.3 2,693 47.8 8,297 45.2
...4+ 25,448 21.4 11,309 17.5 7,941 27.7 392 24.4 806 14.3 5,000 27.2
...Unknown 89 0.1 44 0.1 26 0.1 0 0.0 5 0.1 14 0.1
PLURITY: 114,952 96.6 62,455 96.6 27,530 95.9 1,551 96.5 5,452 96.8 17,964 97.8
...Singleton
...Twin 3,873 3.3 2,108 3.3 1,152 4.0 54 3.4 182 3.2 377 2.1
...Other Multiples 132 0.1 74 0.1 37 0.1 3 0.2 0 0.0 18 0.1
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 83,937 70.6 45,582 70.5 19,505 67.9 1,107 68.8 3,965 70.4 13,778 75.0
...Vaginal
...C-Section 34,982 29.4 19,029 29.4 9,208 32.1 501 31.2 1,667 29.6 4,577 24.9
...Unknown 38 0.0 26 0.0 6 0.0 0 0.0 2 0.0 4 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 80,865 68.0 48,343 74.8 17,366 60.5 873 54.3 3,718 66.0 10,565 57.5
...First
...Second 27,629 23.2 11,857 18.3 8,170 28.4 476 29.6 1,411 25.0 5,715 31.1
...Third 7,007 5.9 2,942 4.6 2,144 7.5 126 7.8 381 6.8 1,414 7.7
...No care 2,248 1.9 958 1.5 747 2.6 59 3.7 85 1.5 399 2.2
...Unknown 1,208 1.0 537 0.8 292 1.0 74 4.6 39 0.7 266 1.4
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 1,624 1.4 693 1.1 419 1.5 78 4.9 67 1.2 367 2.0
...Missing
...Inadequate 22,385 18.8 9,078 14.0 7,075 24.6 460 28.6 1,119 19.9 4,653 25.3
...Intermediate 6,436 5.4 2,856 4.4 1,748 6.1 129 8.0 271 4.8 1,432 7.8
...Adequate 32,287 27.1 18,387 28.4 6,783 23.6 401 24.9 1,526 27.1 5,190 28.3
...Adequate Plus 56,225 47.3 33,623 52.0 12,694 44.2 540 33.6 2,651 47.1 6,717 36.6
PLACE OF DELIVERY: 117,196 98.5 63,256 97.9 28,503 99.2 1,599 99.4 5,598 99.4 18,240 99.4
...Hospital
...Home Birth (Intentional or not) 633 0.5 454 0.7 110 0.4 5 0.3 17 0.3 47 0.3
...Other 1,128 0.9 927 1.4 106 0.4 4 0.2 19 0.3 72 0.4
MOTHER SMOKED? 9,938 8.4 6,980 10.8 2,248 7.8 346 21.5 66 1.2 298 1.6
...Yes
...No 108,985 91.6 57,642 89.2 26,456 92.1 1,262 78.5 5,564 98.8 18,061 98.4
...Unknown 34 0.0 15 0.0 15 0.1 0 0.0 4 0.1 0 0.0
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 3,784 3.2 2,165 3.3 892 3.1 70 4.4 285 5.1 372 2.0
...Underweight (<18.5)
...Normal (18.5-24.9) 47,946 40.3 29,234 45.2 8,637 30.1 466 29.0 3,143 55.8 6,466 35.2
...Overweight (25.0-29.9) 30,169 25.4 15,692 24.3 7,002 24.4 401 24.9 1,378 24.5 5,696 31.0
...Obese (30.0+) 34,527 29.0 16,530 25.6 11,477 40.0 525 32.6 696 12.4 5,299 28.9
...Unknown 2,531 2.1 1,016 1.6 711 2.5 146 9.1 132 2.3 526 2.9
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 96,218 80.9 54,101 83.7 20,149 70.2 862 53.6 4,993 88.6 16,113 87.8
...Yes
...No 22,386 18.8 10,311 16.0 8,488 29.6 735 45.7 632 11.2 2,220 12.1
...Unknown 353 0.3 225 0.3 82 0.3 11 0.7 9 0.2 26 0.1
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 57,194 48.1 25,244 39.1 21,909 76.3 1,303 81.0 1,777 31.5 6,961 37.9
...Prenatal Medicaid1
...Emergency Medicaid2 7,278 6.1 48 0.1 83 0.3 1 0.1 95 1.7 7,051 38.4
...Non-Medicaid 54,485 45.8 39,345 60.9 6,727 23.4 304 18.9 3,762 66.8 4,347 23.7
MOTHER'S WIC STATUS: 47,451 39.9 17,492 27.1 17,084 59.5 800 49.8 1,308 23.2 10,767 58.6
...Prenatal WIC
...No Prenatal WIC 71,506 60.1 47,145 72.9 11,635 40.5 808 50.2 4,326 76.8 7,592 41.4

1 Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. 2 Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics, N.C. Department of Health and Human Services


2018 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
BY MATERNAL RACE/ETHNICITY AND COUNTY OF RESIDENCE

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY:
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 118,957 64,637 54.3 28,719 24.1 1,608 1.4 5,634 4.7 18,359 15.4
RESIDENT BIRTHS
RESIDENCE: 1,958 1,041 53.2 447 22.8 3 0.2 53 2.7 414 21.1
Alamance
Alexander 344 290 84.3 18 5.2 0 0 8 2.3 28 8.1
Alleghany 91 71 78.0 2 2.2 0 0 0 0 18 19.8
Anson 263 118 44.9 128 48.7 3 1.1 2 0.8 12 4.6
Ashe 199 177 88.9 2 1.0 0 0 2 1.0 18 9.0
Avery 163 147 90.2 0 0 0 0 2 1.2 14 8.6
Beaufort 416 227 54.6 133 32.0 0 0 7 1.7 49 11.8
Bertie 179 60 33.5 113 63.1 0 0 1 0.6 5 2.8
Bladen 371 177 47.7 136 36.7 8 2.2 3 0.8 47 12.7
Brunswick 987 755 76.5 109 11.0 5 0.5 8 0.8 110 11.1
Buncombe 2,482 1,891 76.2 197 7.9 6 0.2 61 2.5 327 13.2
Burke 863 642 74.4 39 4.5 1 0.1 76 8.8 105 12.2
Cabarrus 2,509 1,358 54.1 518 20.6 11 0.4 206 8.2 416 16.6
Caldwell 777 667 85.8 42 5.4 0 0 7 0.9 61 7.9
Camden 98 87 88.8 8 8.2 0 0 1 1.0 2 2.0
Carteret 501 424 84.6 32 6.4 2 0.4 6 1.2 37 7.4
Caswell 218 127 58.3 72 33.0 1 0.5 3 1.4 15 6.9
Catawba 1,693 1,115 65.9 170 10.0 4 0.2 131 7.7 273 16.1
Chatham 650 424 65.2 69 10.6 3 0.5 13 2.0 141 21.7
Cherokee 258 224 86.8 5 1.9 8 3.1 4 1.6 17 6.6
Chowan 143 73 51.0 66 46.2 0 0 0 0 4 2.8
Clay 83 78 94.0 1 1.2 0 0 0 0 4 4.8
Cleveland 1,162 789 67.9 294 25.3 2 0.2 11 0.9 66 5.7
Columbus 566 316 55.8 179 31.6 16 2.8 5 0.9 50 8.8
Craven 1,337 825 61.7 296 22.1 11 0.8 61 4.6 144 10.8
Cumberland 5,402 2,171 40.2 2,131 39.4 100 1.9 213 3.9 787 14.6
Currituck 263 232 88.2 13 4.9 2 0.8 6 2.3 10 3.8
Dare 318 250 78.6 11 3.5 1 0.3 3 0.9 53 16.7
Davidson 1,751 1,307 74.6 213 12.2 5 0.3 34 1.9 192 11.0
Davie 398 327 82.2 26 6.5 0 0 3 0.8 42 10.6
Duplin 707 299 42.3 154 21.8 0 0 3 0.4 251 35.5
Durham 4,151 1,632 39.3 1,364 32.9 16 0.4 240 5.8 899 21.7
Edgecombe 593 164 27.7 368 62.1 2 0.3 2 0.3 57 9.6
Forsyth 4,330 2,049 47.3 1,246 28.8 11 0.3 150 3.5 874 20.2
Franklin 697 421 60.4 173 24.8 8 1.1 10 1.4 85 12.2
Gaston 2,526 1,628 64.4 546 21.6 8 0.3 54 2.1 290 11.5
Gates 94 69 73.4 22 23.4 0 0 1 1.1 2 2.1
Graham 78 60 76.9 0 0 12 15.4 0 0 6 7.7
Granville 590 344 58.3 169 28.6 2 0.3 7 1.2 68 11.5
Greene 206 96 46.6 66 32.0 0 0 1 0.5 43 20.9
Guilford 6,115 2,285 37.4 2,540 41.5 28 0.5 462 7.6 800 13.1
Halifax 537 186 34.6 307 57.2 22 4.1 7 1.3 15 2.8
Harnett 1,845 1,051 57.0 436 23.6 21 1.1 37 2.0 300 16.3
Haywood 541 496 91.7 8 1.5 3 0.6 5 0.9 29 5.4
Henderson 1,093 809 74.0 49 4.5 0 0 33 3.0 202 18.5
Hertford 230 76 33.0 146 63.5 0 0 1 0.4 7 3.0
Hoke 846 377 44.6 214 25.3 65 7.7 19 2.2 171 20.2
Hyde 35 20 57.1 7 20.0 0 0 0 0 8 22.9
Iredell 1,891 1,346 71.2 268 14.2 4 0.2 63 3.3 210 11.1
Jackson 366 244 66.7 4 1.1 72 19.7 5 1.4 41 11.2
Johnston 2,299 1,386 60.3 411 17.9 7 0.3 40 1.7 455 19.8
Jones 88 58 65.9 22 25.0 1 1.1 1 1.1 6 6.8
Lee 792 371 46.8 161 20.3 1 0.1 5 0.6 254 32.1
Lenoir 624 257 41.2 293 47.0 2 0.3 4 0.6 68 10.9
Lincoln 856 695 81.2 56 6.5 2 0.2 18 2.1 85 9.9
McDowell 418 358 85.6 12 2.9 0 0 7 1.7 41 9.8
Macon 322 256 79.5 1 0.3 2 0.6 4 1.2 59 18.3
Madison 221 209 94.6 0 0 0 0 4 1.8 8 3.6
Martin 247 120 48.6 111 44.9 2 0.8 3 1.2 11 4.5
Mecklenburg 14,651 5,595 38.2 4,702 32.1 32 0.2 1,367 9.3 2,955 20.2
Mitchell 149 135 90.6 3 2.0 0 0 0 0 11 7.4
Montgomery 278 159 57.2 44 15.8 0 0 8 2.9 67 24.1
Moore 1,168 821 70.3 166 14.2 16 1.4 21 1.8 144 12.3
Nash 1,046 418 40.0 477 45.6 7 0.7 17 1.6 127 12.1
New Hanover 2,146 1,427 66.5 378 17.6 8 0.4 47 2.2 286 13.3
Northampton 171 61 35.7 101 59.1 0 0 0 0 9 5.3
Onslow 3,923 2,714 69.2 480 12.2 22 0.6 104 2.7 603 15.4
Orange 1,134 679 59.9 132 11.6 2 0.2 128 11.3 193 17.0
Pamlico 90 70 77.8 14 15.6 1 1.1 2 2.2 3 3.3
Pasquotank 454 242 53.3 159 35.0 3 0.7 6 1.3 44 9.7
Pender 623 437 70.1 93 14.9 2 0.3 4 0.6 87 14.0
Perquimans 121 89 73.6 28 23.1 1 0.8 1 0.8 2 1.7
Person 400 236 59.0 126 31.5 2 0.5 2 0.5 34 8.5
Pitt 2,085 852 40.9 940 45.1 8 0.4 64 3.1 221 10.6
Polk 149 127 85.2 9 6.0 0 0 4 2.7 9 6.0
Randolph 1,520 1,071 70.5 94 6.2 5 0.3 40 2.6 310 20.4
Richmond 555 270 48.6 208 37.5 27 4.9 7 1.3 43 7.7
Robeson 1,699 310 18.2 345 20.3 759 44.7 21 1.2 264 15.5
Rockingham 913 655 71.7 174 19.1 5 0.5 12 1.3 67 7.3
Rowan 1,593 983 61.7 301 18.9 7 0.4 34 2.1 268 16.8
Rutherford 654 517 79.1 83 12.7 1 0.2 5 0.8 48 7.3
Sampson 834 366 43.9 161 19.3 14 1.7 11 1.3 282 33.8
Scotland 443 131 29.6 199 44.9 87 19.6 7 1.6 19 4.3
Stanly 676 524 77.5 87 12.9 1 0.1 18 2.7 46 6.8
Stokes 396 366 92.4 12 3.0 0 0 2 0.5 16 4.0
Surry 757 565 74.6 35 4.6 0 0 1 0.1 156 20.6
Swain 141 72 51.1 1 0.7 55 39.0 0 0 13 9.2
Transylvania 278 244 87.8 7 2.5 3 1.1 3 1.1 21 7.6
Tyrrell 34 23 67.6 5 14.7 0 0 0 0 6 17.6
Union 2,455 1,580 64.4 341 13.9 7 0.3 102 4.2 425 17.3
Vance 562 151 26.9 341 60.7 4 0.7 8 1.4 58 10.3
Wake 12,580 6,470 51.4 2,692 21.4 23 0.2 1,374 10.9 2,021 16.1
Warren 159 54 34.0 83 52.2 15 9.4 0 0 7 4.4
Washington 129 44 34.1 73 56.6 0 0 0 0 12 9.3
Watauga 354 313 88.4 6 1.7 0 0 11 3.1 24 6.8
Wayne 1,638 742 45.3 526 32.1 6 0.4 48 2.9 316 19.3
Wilkes 696 566 81.3 36 5.2 0 0 8 1.1 86 12.4
Wilson 976 368 37.7 421 43.1 2 0.2 26 2.7 159 16.3
Yadkin 363 276 76.0 12 3.3 0 0 5 1.4 70 19.3
Yancey 183 162 88.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 21 11.5

% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics, N.C. Department of Health and Human Services