RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2019 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS: OVERALL, ALL MOTHERS

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY:
RESIDENT BIRTHS White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
# % # % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 118,725 100.0 63,526 53.5 28,975 24.4 1,579 1.3 5,544 4.7 19,101 16.1
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 257 0.2 70 0.1 139 0.5 7 0.4 7 0.1 34 0.2
...Less than 500 grams
...500-1499 grams 1,751 1.5 674 1.1 755 2.6 22 1.4 67 1.2 233 1.2
...1500-2499 grams 9,070 7.6 3,927 6.2 3,451 11.9 152 9.6 411 7.4 1,129 5.9
...2500+ grams 107,611 90.6 58,835 92.6 24,621 85.0 1,397 88.5 5,059 91.3 17,699 92.7
...Unknown 36 0.0 20 0.0 9 0.0 1 0.1 0 0.0 6 0.0
(OBSTETRIC) WEEKS OF GESTATION: 803 0.7 267 0.4 392 1.4 12 0.8 30 0.5 102 0.5
...< 27 weeks
...27-31 weeks 1,407 1.2 600 0.9 522 1.8 25 1.6 52 0.9 208 1.1
...32-36 weeks 10,432 8.8 5,194 8.2 3,218 11.1 132 8.4 397 7.2 1,491 7.8
...37+ weeks 106,038 89.3 57,443 90.4 24,828 85.7 1,409 89.2 5,065 91.4 17,293 90.5
...Unknown 45 0.0 22 0.0 15 0.1 1 0.1 0 0.0 7 0.0
MOTHER'S AGE: 1,584 1.3 447 0.7 575 2.0 38 2.4 20 0.4 504 2.6
...< 18 years
...18-34 years 97,483 82.1 52,104 82.0 24,584 84.8 1,375 87.1 4,228 76.3 15,192 79.5
...35+ years 19,650 16.6 10,973 17.3 3,815 13.2 166 10.5 1,294 23.3 3,402 17.8
...Unknown 8 0.0 2 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 2 0.0 3 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 15,195 12.8 4,133 6.5 3,297 11.4 249 15.8 482 8.7 7,034 36.8
...Less than High School
...High School Graduate or GED 29,578 24.9 12,587 19.8 9,950 34.3 578 36.6 817 14.7 5,646 29.6
...Some College 35,860 30.2 20,175 31.8 10,203 35.2 557 35.3 901 16.3 4,024 21.1
...Bachelors Degree 23,941 20.2 16,825 26.5 3,702 12.8 131 8.3 1,662 30.0 1,621 8.5
...Masters or PhD 13,723 11.6 9,644 15.2 1,750 6.0 61 3.9 1,657 29.9 611 3.2
...Unknown 428 0.4 162 0.3 73 0.3 3 0.2 25 0.5 165 0.9
MARITAL STATUS: 69,362 58.4 46,362 73.0 8,147 28.1 541 34.3 4,740 85.5 9,572 50.1
...Married
...Unmarried 49,310 41.5 17,138 27.0 20,817 71.8 1,038 65.7 796 14.4 9,521 49.8
...Unknown 53 0.0 26 0.0 11 0.0 0 0.0 8 0.1 8 0.0
PARITY: 38,084 32.1 22,063 34.7 8,192 28.3 493 31.2 1,959 35.3 5,377 28.2
...1
...2-3 54,379 45.8 29,866 47.0 12,395 42.8 730 46.2 2,798 50.5 8,590 45.0
...4+ 26,173 22.0 11,548 18.2 8,367 28.9 356 22.5 781 14.1 5,121 26.8
...Unknown 89 0.1 49 0.1 21 0.1 0 0.0 6 0.1 13 0.1
PLURITY: 114,883 96.8 61,509 96.8 27,749 95.8 1,540 97.5 5,406 97.5 18,679 97.8
...Singleton
...Twin 3,753 3.2 1,970 3.1 1,194 4.1 39 2.5 138 2.5 412 2.2
...Other Multiples 89 0.1 47 0.1 32 0.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 10 0.1
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 84,204 70.9 45,124 71.0 19,734 68.1 1,118 70.8 3,828 69.0 14,400 75.4
...Vaginal
...C-Section 34,482 29.0 18,372 28.9 9,237 31.9 461 29.2 1,714 30.9 4,698 24.6
...Unknown 39 0.0 30 0.0 4 0.0 0 0.0 2 0.0 3 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 80,125 67.5 47,105 74.2 17,688 61.0 967 61.2 3,689 66.5 10,676 55.9
...First
...Second 27,056 22.8 11,335 17.8 8,033 27.7 391 24.8 1,329 24.0 5,968 31.2
...Third 7,316 6.2 3,120 4.9 2,092 7.2 127 8.0 400 7.2 1,577 8.3
...No care 2,941 2.5 1,291 2.0 898 3.1 61 3.9 95 1.7 596 3.1
...Unknown 1,287 1.1 675 1.1 264 0.9 33 2.1 31 0.6 284 1.5
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 1,730 1.5 874 1.4 373 1.3 34 2.2 49 0.9 400 2.1
...Missing
...Inadequate 23,200 19.5 9,357 14.7 7,141 24.6 399 25.3 1,105 19.9 5,198 27.2
...Intermediate 5,921 5.0 2,630 4.1 1,679 5.8 92 5.8 211 3.8 1,309 6.9
...Adequate 29,288 24.7 16,538 26.0 6,236 21.5 395 25.0 1,390 25.1 4,729 24.8
...Adequate Plus 58,586 49.3 34,127 53.7 13,546 46.8 659 41.7 2,789 50.3 7,465 39.1
PLACE OF DELIVERY: 117,109 98.6 62,269 98.0 28,777 99.3 1,569 99.4 5,508 99.4 18,986 99.4
...Hospital
...Home Birth (Intentional or not) 721 0.6 531 0.8 111 0.4 6 0.4 16 0.3 57 0.3
...Other 895 0.8 726 1.1 87 0.3 4 0.3 20 0.4 58 0.3
MOTHER SMOKED? 8,991 7.6 6,307 9.9 2,087 7.2 292 18.5 59 1.1 246 1.3
...Yes
...No 109,690 92.4 57,200 90.0 26,865 92.7 1,287 81.5 5,484 98.9 18,854 98.7
...Unknown 44 0.0 19 0.0 23 0.1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 3,859 3.3 2,186 3.4 888 3.1 60 3.8 317 5.7 408 2.1
...Underweight (<18.5)
...Normal (18.5-24.9) 46,744 39.4 28,189 44.4 8,448 29.2 493 31.2 3,059 55.2 6,555 34.3
...Overweight (25.0-29.9) 30,242 25.5 15,459 24.3 7,106 24.5 353 22.4 1,353 24.4 5,971 31.3
...Obese (30.0+) 35,301 29.7 16,613 26.2 11,810 40.8 569 36.0 712 12.8 5,597 29.3
...Unknown 2,579 2.2 1,079 1.7 723 2.5 104 6.6 103 1.9 570 3.0
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 95,896 80.8 53,150 83.7 20,323 70.1 816 51.7 4,902 88.4 16,705 87.5
...Yes
...No 22,490 18.9 10,154 16.0 8,587 29.6 742 47.0 633 11.4 2,374 12.4
...Unknown 339 0.3 222 0.3 65 0.2 21 1.3 9 0.2 22 0.1
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 56,580 47.7 24,442 38.5 22,005 75.9 1,254 79.4 1,668 30.1 7,211 37.8
...Prenatal Medicaid1
...Emergency Medicaid2 7,365 6.2 30 0.0 70 0.2 0 0.0 72 1.3 7,193 37.7
...Non-Medicaid 54,780 46.1 39,054 61.5 6,900 23.8 325 20.6 3,804 68.6 4,697 24.6
MOTHER'S WIC STATUS: 44,949 37.9 16,208 25.5 16,494 56.9 721 45.7 1,211 21.8 10,315 54.0
...Prenatal WIC
...No Prenatal WIC 73,776 62.1 47,318 74.5 12,481 43.1 858 54.3 4,333 78.2 8,786 46.0

1Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. 2Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services


2019 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
BY MATERNAL RACE/ETHNICITY AND COUNTY OF RESIDENCE

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY:
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 118,725 63,526 53.5 28,975 24.4 1,579 1.3 5,544 4.7 19,101 16.1
RESIDENT BIRTHS
RESIDENCE: 1,863 983 52.8 448 24.0 3 0.2 38 2.0 391 21.0
Alamance
Alexander 357 309 86.6 15 4.2 0 0 10 2.8 23 6.4
Alleghany 79 62 78.5 0 0 0 0 1 1.3 16 20.3
Anson 254 97 38.2 141 55.5 0 0 6 2.4 10 3.9
Ashe 204 180 88.2 3 1.5 1 0.5 0 0 20 9.8
Avery 135 118 87.4 0 0 0 0 1 0.7 16 11.9
Beaufort 433 225 52.0 132 30.5 0 0 4 0.9 72 16.6
Bertie 161 54 33.5 103 64.0 1 0.6 0 0 3 1.9
Bladen 344 170 49.4 106 30.8 13 3.8 0 0 55 16.0
Brunswick 1,026 738 71.9 135 13.2 13 1.3 17 1.7 123 12.0
Buncombe 2,464 1,870 75.9 202 8.2 9 0.4 59 2.4 324 13.1
Burke 890 649 72.9 48 5.4 4 0.4 74 8.3 115 12.9
Cabarrus 2,537 1,371 54.0 507 20.0 6 0.2 192 7.6 461 18.2
Caldwell 882 735 83.3 62 7.0 1 0.1 9 1.0 75 8.5
Camden 104 87 83.7 11 10.6 0 0 1 1.0 5 4.8
Carteret 521 445 85.4 25 4.8 1 0.2 7 1.3 43 8.3
Caswell 209 135 64.6 55 26.3 1 0.5 3 1.4 15 7.2
Catawba 1,687 1,080 64.0 173 10.3 2 0.1 141 8.4 291 17.2
Chatham 609 383 62.9 65 10.7 3 0.5 16 2.6 142 23.3
Cherokee 245 225 91.8 4 1.6 2 0.8 3 1.2 11 4.5
Chowan 123 69 56.1 44 35.8 0 0 0 0 10 8.1
Clay 86 75 87.2 0 0 0 0 3 3.5 8 9.3
Cleveland 1,146 786 68.6 273 23.8 3 0.3 11 1.0 73 6.4
Columbus 562 327 58.2 165 29.4 26 4.6 4 0.7 40 7.1
Craven 1,319 815 61.8 285 21.6 5 0.4 65 4.9 149 11.3
Cumberland 5,462 2,155 39.5 2,154 39.4 92 1.7 216 4.0 845 15.5
Currituck 259 221 85.3 19 7.3 0 0 3 1.2 16 6.2
Dare 310 245 79.0 7 2.3 1 0.3 7 2.3 50 16.1
Davidson 1,775 1,319 74.3 222 12.5 5 0.3 33 1.9 196 11.0
Davie 402 313 77.9 31 7.7 1 0.2 3 0.7 54 13.4
Duplin 718 300 41.8 174 24.2 4 0.6 0 0 240 33.4
Durham 4,158 1,559 37.5 1,336 32.1 5 0.1 283 6.8 975 23.4
Edgecombe 572 163 28.5 359 62.8 2 0.3 2 0.3 46 8.0
Forsyth 4,410 1,988 45.1 1,330 30.2 13 0.3 141 3.2 938 21.3
Franklin 770 446 57.9 187 24.3 3 0.4 11 1.4 123 16.0
Gaston 2,599 1,598 61.5 605 23.3 3 0.1 55 2.1 338 13.0
Gates 97 67 69.1 25 25.8 0 0 1 1.0 4 4.1
Graham 97 82 84.5 1 1.0 11 11.3 0 0 3 3.1
Granville 568 293 51.6 191 33.6 0 0 4 0.7 80 14.1
Greene 225 86 38.2 79 35.1 0 0 1 0.4 59 26.2
Guilford 6,045 2,131 35.3 2,530 41.9 35 0.6 483 8.0 866 14.3
Halifax 537 190 35.4 307 57.2 17 3.2 5 0.9 18 3.4
Harnett 1,860 1,104 59.4 387 20.8 16 0.9 43 2.3 310 16.7
Haywood 525 483 92.0 8 1.5 3 0.6 7 1.3 24 4.6
Henderson 1,022 752 73.6 33 3.2 4 0.4 21 2.1 212 20.7
Hertford 195 54 27.7 131 67.2 1 0.5 0 0 9 4.6
Hoke 867 397 45.8 227 26.2 66 7.6 24 2.8 153 17.6
Hyde 37 20 54.1 10 27.0 0 0 0 0 7 18.9
Iredell 1,884 1,303 69.2 279 14.8 1 0.1 78 4.1 223 11.8
Jackson 372 275 73.9 3 0.8 53 14.2 3 0.8 38 10.2
Johnston 2,522 1,467 58.2 477 18.9 15 0.6 37 1.5 526 20.9
Jones 92 59 64.1 21 22.8 1 1.1 2 2.2 9 9.8
Lee 781 372 47.6 164 21.0 3 0.4 13 1.7 229 29.3
Lenoir 619 246 39.7 296 47.8 2 0.3 6 1.0 69 11.1
Lincoln 871 703 80.7 50 5.7 1 0.1 21 2.4 96 11.0
McDowell 434 377 86.9 9 2.1 1 0.2 3 0.7 44 10.1
Macon 318 239 75.2 3 0.9 1 0.3 4 1.3 71 22.3
Madison 181 173 95.6 1 0.6 0 0 1 0.6 6 3.3
Martin 221 104 47.1 103 46.6 0 0 0 0 14 6.3
Mecklenburg 14,398 5,428 37.7 4,506 31.3 30 0.2 1,312 9.1 3,122 21.7
Mitchell 127 111 87.4 0 0 1 0.8 1 0.8 14 11.0
Montgomery 278 143 51.4 51 18.3 0 0 11 4.0 73 26.3
Moore 1,147 853 74.4 132 11.5 10 0.9 36 3.1 116 10.1
Nash 1,101 409 37.1 531 48.2 12 1.1 20 1.8 129 11.7
New Hanover 2,172 1,462 67.3 380 17.5 3 0.1 51 2.3 276 12.7
Northampton 165 57 34.5 99 60.0 1 0.6 2 1.2 6 3.6
Onslow 3,821 2,565 67.1 505 13.2 23 0.6 110 2.9 618 16.2
Orange 1,164 693 59.5 167 14.3 2 0.2 123 10.6 179 15.4
Pamlico 73 54 74.0 11 15.1 2 2.7 1 1.4 5 6.8
Pasquotank 474 255 53.8 176 37.1 1 0.2 4 0.8 38 8.0
Pender 624 437 70.0 96 15.4 4 0.6 6 1.0 81 13.0
Perquimans 118 83 70.3 32 27.1 1 0.8 2 1.7 0 0
Person 435 258 59.3 136 31.3 4 0.9 4 0.9 33 7.6
Pitt 2,079 900 43.3 958 46.1 2 0.1 42 2.0 177 8.5
Polk 166 143 86.1 3 1.8 0 0 2 1.2 18 10.8
Randolph 1,546 1,080 69.9 102 6.6 6 0.4 38 2.5 320 20.7
Richmond 561 285 50.8 191 34.0 22 3.9 4 0.7 59 10.5
Robeson 1,731 326 18.8 350 20.2 796 46.0 12 0.7 247 14.3
Rockingham 885 614 69.4 183 20.7 2 0.2 8 0.9 78 8.8
Rowan 1,548 971 62.7 286 18.5 3 0.2 33 2.1 255 16.5
Rutherford 680 537 79.0 89 13.1 1 0.1 5 0.7 48 7.1
Sampson 727 296 40.7 175 24.1 11 1.5 3 0.4 242 33.3
Scotland 442 141 31.9 199 45.0 82 18.6 5 1.1 15 3.4
Stanly 668 517 77.4 76 11.4 2 0.3 21 3.1 52 7.8
Stokes 370 342 92.4 12 3.2 0 0 1 0.3 15 4.1
Surry 766 572 74.7 35 4.6 2 0.3 5 0.7 152 19.8
Swain 181 99 54.7 3 1.7 57 31.5 4 2.2 18 9.9
Transylvania 262 231 88.2 13 5.0 0 0 3 1.1 15 5.7
Tyrrell 30 15 50.0 11 36.7 0 0 0 0 4 13.3
Union 2,279 1,465 64.3 306 13.4 6 0.3 74 3.2 428 18.8
Vance 570 162 28.4 318 55.8 2 0.4 11 1.9 77 13.5
Wake 12,689 6,314 49.8 2,915 23.0 22 0.2 1,346 10.6 2,092 16.5
Warren 145 40 27.6 86 59.3 9 6.2 0 0 10 6.9
Washington 132 34 25.8 91 68.9 0 0 0 0 7 5.3
Watauga 313 275 87.9 4 1.3 0 0 8 2.6 26 8.3
Wayne 1,619 729 45.0 514 31.7 2 0.1 36 2.2 338 20.9
Wilkes 669 554 82.8 35 5.2 1 0.1 2 0.3 77 11.5
Wilson 976 357 36.6 427 43.8 3 0.3 19 1.9 170 17.4
Yadkin 375 291 77.6 9 2.4 0 0 3 0.8 72 19.2
Yancey 174 156 89.7 1 0.6 0 0 0 0 17 9.8

1Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. 2Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services